Archive for the ‘network’ Category

Why Can’t I Reach 1 Gig WiFi Speed: Unraveling the Mystery

Monday, December 18th, 2023

Hello, fellow remote workers, freelancers, and solopreneurs! If you’re like me, working from the comfort of your home for the past 15 years, you know the importance of a reliable and fast internet connection.

Today, let’s dive deep into a common query that perplexes many of us: Why can’t we reach that elusive 1 Gig WiFi speed?


The Current State of WiFi Technology

In understanding why achieving 1 Gig WiFi speeds can be challenging, it’s vital to look at the evolution of WiFi technology. Currently, we’re in the era of WiFi 6 (802.11ax), a significant leap forward in terms of speed and efficiency. However, to fully appreciate this, let’s glance back at the previous WiFi standards and their theoretical maximum speeds:

  1. WiFi 1 (802.11b): Introduced in 1999, this standard could achieve up to 11 Mbps. It was a breakthrough at its time but is now considered quite outdated.
  2. WiFi 2 (802.11a): Also emerging around 1999, this standard offered up to 54 Mbps. It operated on a different frequency band (5 GHz) compared to 802.11b (2.4 GHz).
  3. WiFi 3 (802.11g): Released in 2003, this iteration brought improvements, offering speeds up to 54 Mbps, similar to 802.11a, but operated on the more common 2.4 GHz band.
  4. WiFi 4 (802.11n): Launched in 2009, this standard marked a significant jump, with speeds up to 600 Mbps. It operated on both 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands and introduced MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) technology.
  5. WiFi 5 (802.11ac): Coming into play around 2014, this standard took a leap forward, offering speeds up to 3.46 Gbps under ideal conditions. It exclusively used the 5 GHz band and enhanced MIMO technology.

Now, with WiFi 6 (802.11ax), we’re looking at even higher capabilities and efficiencies. However, reaching the theoretical maximum speeds of any WiFi standard in real-world conditions is influenced by various factors, including device capabilities, network congestion, physical obstructions, and ISP limitations.

Investigating Network Reliability

In my two decades of experience in corporate and data center environments, I’ve seen firsthand how network reliability can vary.

For instance, Verizon Fios and Optimum Online, two prominent players, offer differing experiences.

Fios is known for its fiber-optic technology, which generally delivers more consistent speeds and reliability.

Optimum Online, while reliable, may have different performance metrics due to its infrastructure makeup. Your choice between these can significantly impact your WiFi experience.

Top 5 Reasons You’re Not Hitting 1 Gig Speeds

Now, let’s pinpoint the top five reasons why your WiFi might not be living up to its 1 Gig potential:

  1. Interference and Range Limitations: WiFi signals can get muddled due to physical obstructions or interference from other devices. The further you are from the router, the more the signal degrades.
  2. Network Congestion: If you have a plethora of gadgets connected to your network, each vies for a slice of your bandwidth. This digital tug-of-war can drastically reduce individual device speeds.
  3. Hardware Limitations: Not all routers and devices are created equal. Older models might not support the higher speeds that newer standards offer.
  4. ISP Throttling or Limitations: Sometimes, the bottleneck is your Internet Service Provider (ISP). If your plan doesn’t support 1 Gig speeds or if there’s throttling, you won’t hit those high numbers.
  5. Incorrect Network Configuration: A misstep in your network setup can be like driving with the handbrake on. Inefficient configurations can lead to significant speed drops.

Technical Analysis and Troubleshooting Steps

1. Tackling Interference and Range Issues:

  • Optimize Router Placement: Keep it central, away from walls and obstructions.
  • Use a Mesh Network System: This can extend the reach and improve coverage.

2. Easing Network Congestion:

  • Limit Connected Devices: Disconnect devices that aren’t in use.
  • Prioritize Traffic: Use Quality of Service (QoS) settings to prioritize high-need devices.

3. Upgrading Hardware:

  • Invest in a Modern Router: Ensure it supports WiFi 6 for optimal performance.
  • Update Device Network Cards: Older devices might need an upgrade to match newer WiFi standards.

4. Addressing ISP Limitations:

  • Check Your Plan: Ensure your ISP plan supports 1 Gig speeds.
  • Consult Your ISP: Sometimes a call can resolve hidden issues or throttling.

5. Refining Network Configuration:

  • Update Firmware: Always keep your router firmware up-to-date.
  • Consult a Professional: If you’re not tech-savvy, getting professional help can be a game-changer.

Wrapping Up

Achieving 1 Gig WiFi speeds is not just about having the right tools; it’s about understanding and optimizing your entire network ecosystem. With these insights and strategies, you’re well on your way to getting the most out of your home office setup. Remember, in the world of WiFi, every little adjustment can lead to significant improvements. Keep experimenting, and stay connected!

Re-using Verizon FIOS Router and Extender with Optimum

Friday, August 26th, 2022
  • Verizon’s FIOS Router and Extender can be effectively used with Optimum
  • This article will show you how to use FIOS wi-fi router as a standalone network and FIOS extender as a repeater


FIOS-G1110 router made by GreenWave Reality (released way back in 2014) was replaced by GIOS-3100 during 2018-2019.

The Extender is actually a re-badged ActionTec WCB6200Q model that comes with a Coax input jack and two ethernet ports. This model can also be referred to as ScreenBeam WCB6200Q (ScreenBeam is a separate brand under ActionTec)


After switching from Verizon FIOS to Optimum, I found out that the wi-fi signals from Optimum’s router and extender were not adequate to fully cover my medium sized 2 story colonial house (basement, first floor and second floor.

Instead of of paying for a brand new network mesh system (i.e. Tp-Link Deco Mesh, Netgear Orbi, etc.), or paying $3 to rent a second extender from Optimum), I decided to re-purpose my Verizon router and Extender to provide better wi-fi coverage inside my house.


Because G1110 and WCB6200Q are WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) capable devices, you can setup your old Verizon router and extender in two ways depending on your needs:

  • Activate them as repeaters (i.e. same network)
  • Activate them as a router/extender (i.e. different network / bridge / access point)

Activating your old routers/extenders as repeaters is quite simple as you can take advantage of the WPS feature to simply pair them to your Optimum router to boost wi-fi signals.


Using this method means you will use the same SSID and password as your Optimum router.

Activating your Verizon equipment as its own router/extender creates a entirely new network within Optimum.

Why would I want a separate network?


There are many reasons why you would want a network that is not accessible by other family members.

For example, you have a server at home that needs uninterrupted network access (i.e. you don’t want any other devices on the network).

Or you work from home and your company’s VPN needs a large network bandwidth.

I chose to deploy my router as its own network in my basement and extender as signal repeater so I will show how I did it.

Obviously your situation will vary depending on your needs and existing cabling infrastructure.


First thing you want to do is to RESET your devices.

I am sure you have reset your device(s) once or twice in the past, but in case you don’t know, here is a list of quick steps:

  • Step # 1 – Disconnect ALL network (ethernet) cables from your devices
  • Step # 2 – Make sure the power is ON (WPS button light should be turned green)
  • Step # 3 – Insert a straight piece of paperclip into the RESET hole (button)
  • Step # 4 – Press and hold down the RESET button for 10 seconds
  • Step # 5 – Release the RESET button (i.e. WPS button light will turn off)
  • Step # 6 – Front indicator lights will go blank first and gradually start to blink. Wait 20-30 seconds for the router/extender to complete the resetting process

Once the device has been reset, you will need to use the user name and password found on a label located on the router/extender.



You are supposed to be able to access the admin pages on the router/extender via wired or wireless connections but I have found the wireless option to be somewhat unpredictable.

So if you can, grab a regular an ethernet cable to connect your computer to router/extender.

99% of the time any ethernet cable will work but just in case, grab both ends and visually confirm that they are wired identically.


1% of the time, you will find a homemade cable that is wired incorrectly or a crossover ethernet cable (which is used to connect two computers directly together).

Setting up the G1100 network

As I said before, I will be setting up my G1110 router as a separate network within Optimum. If you want to use it as a repeater instead, simply follow the same directions found under the Setting up the WCB6200Q Extender section below.

Separate Wireless Network

Please note that setting up a separate wireless network means that it will have its own SSID and password. You probably want to name the SSID differently than the network accessed by your family

Before connecting G1110router to your Optimum router, we will first need to access G1100 to change the IP address range.

This step is necessary to prevent a conflict between your it and the Optimum router.


Accessing the admin GUI screen on a G1100 router

  • Step # 1 – Disconnect ALL network (ethernet) cables from your devices
  • Step # 2 – Make sure the power is ON (WPS button light should be turned green)
  • Step # 3 – Connect an ethernet cable to LAN Port 1 on the router (must not be a WAN port)
  • Step # 4 – Connect the other end of the cable to your computer. If your computer does not come with an ethernet jack (most laptops from 2020 do not come with it), you need an USB/ethernet dongle or adaptor like this one. Do not buy one with multiple functions.
  • Step # 5 – Enter the default IP address ( ) in your browser
  • Step # 6 – Click on the PROCEED button
  • Step # 7 – Your internet security software will complain that the next page your accessing is a security risk. This is due to the fact that SSL certificate is not valid. Click on whatever link is necessary to continue
  • Step # 8 – Your mail GUI screen should look like this


How to change the IP range on a G1100 router

Optimum’s default IP range will be 192.168.1 through 192.168.254.

We need to assign a different network IP range for the Verizon G1110 router to eliminate routing conflicts.

  • Step # 1 – From the main GUI screen, click on the MY NETWORK link located at the top of the screen
  • Step # 2 – Make sure the power is ON (WPS button light should be turned green)
  • Step # 3 – Under NETWORK CONNECTIONS (highlighted in red), click on the EDIT link next to NETWORK (HOME OFFICE)
  • Step # 4 – Scroll to the bottom and click on SETTINGS
  • Step # 5 – You should be at the NETWORK (HOME OFFICE) PROPERTIES page
  • Step # 6 – Scroll down to the first IPV4 ADDRESS field. This is the IP address you need to gain access to the main GUI admin page. Change it from to (I chose as my admin IP address)
  • Step # 7 – Scroll down START IPV4 ADDRESS (after IPV4 ADDRESS DISTRIBUTION field). Change it from to
  • Step # 8 – For the END IPV4 ADDRESS field, change it from to
  • Enter the default IP address ( ) in your browser
  • Step # 10 – Scroll to the bottom and click on the APPLY button
  • Step # 11 – At the ATTENTION screen, note that it says “Please open a new browser with new address ( to access GUI. Click on the APPLY button
  • Step # 12 – Close and re-open the browser
  • Step # 13 – Type (or in my case to access the admin GUI page

How to change the SSID network name and password

Changing the SSID network name is fairly straightforward. Changing the password is somewhat opaque. I will show you how to do both.

  • Step # 1 – Log in as the administrator (see above section)
  • Step # 2 – From the top, click on WIRELESS SETTINGS
  • Step # 3 – Look at the left navigation menu and click on the BASIC SECURITY SETTINGS link
  • Step # 4 – Check Section #1 TURN WIRELESS ON to make sure that your wireless networks (there are two, 2.4 Ghz and 5 GHz) are turned ON. You cannot edit the name and password when the network is turned off
  • Step # 5 – Edit your network name in Section #2 – CHANGE SSID SETTING TO ANY NAME OR CODE YOU WANT
  • Step # 6 – In order to change from your default network password, you must click WPA2/WPA MIXED MODE radio button in Section #3 – WI-FI SECURITY section
  • (I chose as my admin IP address)
  • Step # 7 – Scroll down START IPV4 ADDRESS (after IPV4 ADDRESS DISTRIBUTION field). Change it from to
  • Step # 8 – For the END IPV4 ADDRESS field, change it from to
  • Enter the default IP address ( ) in your browser
  • Step # 10 – Scroll to the bottom and click on the APPLY button
  • Step # 11 – At the ATTENTION screen, note that it says “Please open a new browser with new address ( to access GUI. Click on the APPLY button
  • Step # 12 – Close and re-open the browser
  • Step # 13 – Type (or in my case to access the admin GUI page

Accessing the admin GUI screen on a WCB6200Q Extender

The default admin IP address of a generic, non-branded WCB6200Q Extender is or http://myextender

Unfortunately, you cannot access Verizon branded Extender’s admin screen using this IP address or URL.

Instead, you MUST connect it to your G1110 router via ethernet cable (insert one end of the cable to any available port on the router and extender)

But do you really need to access the admin page on your Verizon WCB6200Q extender?

Not really.

Unless you want to use the Extender to create a separate network (don’t see why you would do this), just use the WPS button to set it up as a wi-fi signal booster (either for G1110’s SSID or Optimum’s SSID).


If at any point, your laptop is not able to connect to a router via cable or local wi-fi, you may have to “release” the IP address by following these steps:

  • Press Windows and R key together to open the Run box.
  • Type CMD the press the ENTER key. This will open up a separate window with a black background with test (called command prompt window)
  • Type ipconfig/release then press ENTER
  • Type ipconfig/renew then press ENTER
  • Type exit to close the command prompt window


RESOURCE – ScreenBeam WCB6200Q Extender

RESOURCE- ActionTec WCB6200Q Extender

How to access Linksys EA6900 Admin without internet

Tuesday, August 23rd, 2022

Linksys instructions purposely makes it more difficult than it needs to be by forcing you to first connect to internet.

Here are the items you will need:

  • Linksys router
  • Laptop with ethernet port (if not, an USB/Eth dongle like this one)
  • Ethernet cable (CAT5 or 6, any variety)


#1 – connect the one end of your ethernet cable to on of the ethernet ports on your Linksys router (usually marked 1-5)

#2 – do NOT connect the ethernet cable to Linksys router’s INTERNET / WAN port

#3 – connect the opposite end of your ethernet cable to the ethernet port on your laptop (if not, to a USB dongle and connect it to your computer)

#4 – open up your favorite browser and type in the address bar (a.k.a. URL bar; like where you type in the web address):

Now you can look around and make any changes to the router’s settings.


Couple of things to keep in mind as you setup your wi-fi network.

An access point can be a router that is connected with cable (Cat5) to your primary router or modem.

If you are re-using your old router, you want to make sure that the max signal throughput matches that of your primary router, or else this secondary router or access point will be bottlenecked.

An access point usually has its own wi-fi network name (SSID) and password.

A repeater (or network extender / signal booster) is a wireless device that simply repeats wireless signals to extend the signal coverage area without being connected with cable to your primary router/modem, or your clients.

In order for a repeater to be successful, it needs to establish a strong signal between it and your primary router/modem.

Most repeaters also come with one or two ethernet ports so that you can use an ethernet network cable to physically connect your repeater to your primary router (this will definitely outperform wireless signals between two devices)